The Dorper Breed was created in South Africa in the 1930’s and 1940’s consisting of the Horned Dorset and Blackheaded Persian. The purpose of it’s creation was to create a top carcass and the ability to thrive under harsh conditions.
There are 1 of 2 classifications: Dorper (black head/white body) and White Dorper (solid white in color). They are maintained as separate breeds. Dorpers possess a mixture of hair and wool, which sheds each season, eliminating the need for shearing. Mature rams average weight is between 225-275 lbs. Mature ewes average is between 160-220 lbs. Dorpers possess calm dispositions.
Dorpers also possess the following characteristics:
- Hardy and Adaptable
- Excellent Maternal Instincts
- Long Breeding Season
Dorpers were first introduced into North America from South Africa in 1995.
Through generations of crossing the Black-Headed Persian and the Horned Dorset, a 'throw-back' would eventually surface where the offspring was completely white but possessed the body type of a Dorper. Through this ugrading, the South Africans developed the White Dorper breed. The Dorper and White Dorper are maintained as separate breeds. They differ only in color.
When using a White Dorper ram on any type of commerical ewes, one could avoid a colored pelt. The colored pelts are undesired by some, yet favored by others. If undesired, a White Dorper ram may be the solution for your herd. You can still advantage of improved feed efficiency, early maturity and fertility, excellent maternal attributes, and extended breeding seasons.